Goodbye 2019!

Welcome back to the last ETC International blog of 2019! This is our final week of term so I’ll begin by wishing everyone a very Happy Christmas and all the best for the New Year! Christmas is such a great family occasion in the Kay household. I have to tell you that my sister, who lives in Stourbridge, sent me a lovely Christmas card this year.

If you understand from this that I only have one sister, then the communication has been successful. How do you know? Because of the comma. Did you know it was an example of a non-defining relative clause?  Possibly not. If you did, brilliant, if you didn’t, did it matter?

And my cousin who lives in France always sends a nice card too. If this clearly communicates that I have more than one cousin, but only one who lives in France, then the communication has been successful. How do you know?  Because there’s no comma.  You don’t really need to know that it’s called a ‘defining relative clause’ do you?

Would ‘explaining’ the difference help? Well, it might, and that’s traditionally the way it’s been done: start with the terminology and then go for meaning. However, here at ETC we prefer to say ‘stop explaining, start exploring’ language.  If necessary, we can check learners understand by asking: “How many sisters have I got? “ How do you know?  “How many cousins have I got? How do you know?” Cool eh?

So, I’ll leave you with this, cracking finish to another cracking year of the blog!

“I really love crackers which have interesting presents and good jokes in them.”

“I really love crackers, which have interesting presents and good jokes in them.”

 

Which one means I think all crackers have interesting presents and jokes in them?

Until 2020, Seasons greeting from all at ETC International College and Athena Teacher Training, Bournemouth, UK. Why not pay us a visit in 2020? http://www.etc-inter.net/  See you next year!

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